\"Black Dog\" is built around a call and response dynamic between the vocalist and band, with its start and stop a cappella verses inspired by Fleetwood Mac's 1969 song \"Oh Well\", according to biographer Dave Lewis. The title is a reference to a nameless black Labrador Retriever that wandered around the Headley Grange studios during the recording of the album. The song was recorded with recording engineer Andy Johns at Island Studios on Basing Street in London.
The black dog is a glow-eyed creature that often appears in British horror tales. He comes as a night ghost and is a sign of death and disaster. In the case of this Led Zeppelin song is it about a woman who first kills the singer with her stimulus , then also takes his money and property.